Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ category

Mining Security: The Need For It And Its Benefits

December 22nd, 2020

Mining security is very important to any mining site. Since the latter is an open location, it is susceptible to many illegal problems and safety issues.

In addition to that, many are against to mining as an industry. Mining site problems can also arise from protesting local residents and local environment advocates most especially when mining issues are not properly addressed.

With these at hand, your mining business would be doomed to fail unless you have a skilled security team that can eradicate these inevitable obstacles. Moving forward, you will learn in this article the common threats to any mining operation that mining business should care about and how suitable security can address them.

Unauthorized Access And Robbery

These two go hand in hand. We know for a fact that theft almost always follow or is the major reason for trespassing. These illegal activities are very rampant among gold mines and other mining sites where minerals of precious stones are dug up. With the current price of these ores, acquiring even a few fragments of them can turn anyone’s fortune from rags to riches.

To alleviate this problem, a reliable security system may be installed in the mining grounds, as much as possible in all of its internal and external areas. Security personal should also be distributed in these locations as your mining security will get crippled should your security paraphernalia get stolen too.

Domestic Terrorism And Vandalism

This is a common site that we see in the news – mining sites being attacked by local residents. Wherever mines are located, there is a threat of violence on the part of the mining company. People empowered with their ideals tend to join forces entering mines destroying pieces of expensive mine equipment and tools. Moreover, hostile trespassers who manage to steal explosives and light and throw them into the mining site.

Injured Mining Staff

While this could be caused by the above-mentioned aggression, mishaps in the mining operation are probable carriers in this one. We often hear of stories about miners losing their lives because of technical mistakes and accidents. They are inevitable but with reliable security system, risks can be reduced.

Securing Mine Sites

Mining is a big industry that could provide limitless benefits to all its laborers. But this could only happen when it turns successful. Observing proper security measures can help ensure that success.

Mine sites ought to be under security round the clock. When work ends, the hired security team must be able to clear all the people walking into the mine. Should there be visitors during the day, their whereabouts must be monitored and so is all the mining staff. This can help prevent robbery and vandalism.

To avoid accidents within the site, security risk assessment must be done. After ample evaluation, lay everything in a detailed security plan which must include access control, correct storage and control of explosive items, emergency responses, site and technical security measures.

Mining security can never depend on one person as it entails the safety of the whole site and the miners as well. Experts in explosives, risk management site security to name a few make this possible.

Mining: Safer Now Than Ever Before

December 8th, 2020

Just a few decades ago, mining was probably one of the biggest employers of men around the world. But the growth of different industries, fears for the planet, a decline in demand have lead to mining levels dropping around the world, especially in places like the UK and the US, were mines where once seen as the only way for some men to make money. However, while mining has undoubtedly fallen out of favour and even fashion with some people, it’s still a major employer of people around the world, and there is still a demand for certain metals, such as copper and aluminum.

While mining continues today, it was once a highly dangerous occupation, and working conditions were often very poor. We’ve all heard stories of mine collapses and floods, which have all tainted the public face of mining, however, in recent years, mining has become a lot safer, thanks to the creation of very specific and specialised technology that not only makes it safer to work deep underground, but also much more enjoyable.

In the beginning, mining was an especially dangerous pastime, with mine collapses and gas leaks causing death and injury to the miners. However, while previous miners may have had to take a canary with them into the mine in order to check for dangerous gas levels (if the canary suddenly died, that meant there was a gas leak), today’s miners can rely on a sophisticated system that helps pump fresh air in and take the dangerous air out.

This system is simply known as a mine ventilation system, which consists of a series of fans for the surface and underfround that work together to ensure that all the miners are breathing fresh air. These fans have been specially designed to ensure that they can work to their best ability, while making less noise and above all making the mine more safe. For deep mines, it’s not just fresh air that’s needed by also a mining compressor, as they will help keep the mines cool, and so deep mines are often equipped with a mining compressor as well as a traditional mining ventilation equipment, as the miners there work in conditions that are a little more extreme than other mines.

Another problem that miners face in mines is dust, and it’s very easy for dust to rise and to distributed throughout the mines. In previous years, it was the dust, such as coal dust that caused breathing problems for some miners in later life. And so, dust control is now an essential part of modern mining, with wet dust extractors being used to remove dust from the atmosphere and make the mine much safer.

Different Types of Mining Worldwide

November 25th, 2020

So many of our daily habits and expectations depend on mining. How much do you know about where the salt on your table comes from? And how do you think your home is powered?

Salt Mining

Salt has long been a kitchen essential. In fact, many of us can’t imagine a meal without it. If food is bland, it’s the number one spice to turn to. But how many of us know how salt is actually acquired? How many of us think beyond choosing the most inviting packaging at the local supermarket?

In fact, salt mining is a complex procedure that can take two forms: deep shaft mining and solution mining. Both involve removing salt that lies in ancient underground seabeds that have been buried over many thousand years of tectonic changes to the Earth’s surface. The former sees shafts sunk down to the floor of the mine where “rooms” or caverns are then created by blasting and drilling. A conveyor belt lifts the crushed salt to the surface. Most of the salt acquired in this way is sold on as rock salt.

The latter method sees wells built above salt beds, where water is injected to dissolve the salt. This salt solution is taken to a plant for evaporation where some minerals are removed and others like iodine can be added. Most table salt is produced in this way.

Diamond Mining

Not all diamonds mined are of gem quality. Some are of an industrial quality, while others are deemed near-gem quality. Industrial ones are used in devices such as dentists’ drills and earthmoving equipment.

Diamonds can be extracted through pipe or alluvial mining. The former involves removing the precious stone from volcanic pipes. Surface layers must first be removed for access to the underlying layer of diamond-bearing rocks.

The latter involves removing the valuable stones from riverbeds or the ocean floor. Tons of sand have to be moved for access to the diamond-bearing earth.

Coal Mining

Coal is a resource predominantly used in electricity generation and heating applications. Coal mines go under the name “colliery”. The resource can be extracted either by surface or underground mining depending on its depth.

Coal mining is a dangerous and dirty process that has seen lives endangered and even erased, such as in the case of the Chilean miners a few years ago and West Virginia this year.

Mining and the Environment Particulars

November 3rd, 2020

As most of us are aware, mining is one of the most environment unfriendly industries. Mining can seriously affect land, air and even water systems. The greatest challenge confronting the mining industry today is to find ways of extracting and processing mineral and metal with minimum damage to our ecosystem.

The adverse environmental impacts of mining operation starts with mineral exploration, continues throughout the extraction and subsequent processing and at times persist even after the entire operations are over. Mining can cause serious land degradation, large scale denudation of forest cover, weakening of biodiversity, pollution of air, water and soil. The fall out can extend well beyond the mining area and lead to many social, economic and political disturbances. To mitigate the adverse impacts of mining and restore the mining affected areas, it is imperative to conduct proper research and find ways and means to protect the environment.

We had hitherto paid scant attention to the protection of the environment. Therefore the question of environmental protection has today become critically important. The mining industry is seriously attempting to develop effective technologies and new processing methods to ensure that the modern mining activities of exploration, planning, operation, and restoration are conducted in an environmentally responsible and sustainable manner. It is earnestly pursuing research activities oriented toward the safe and responsible use of our mineral resources.

If we take a look at the mining companies, there are several ways in which they can take steps to safeguard the environment. Mining companies would have to re-examine their own mining operations. Their impact on mining the land, the fuel that they use in running the mining equipment, and how they will restore the land once they have exhausted the mines resources.

Despite our passion for electronic goods, let us not forget that the manufacture, use, and disposal of electronic devices can incalculably harm the environment. The manufacture of electronics involves mining- often strip mining- which can adversely affect the environment as also a number of caustic chemicals that are used to make circuit boards and other electronic components. Added to this, the batteries that supply back-up power that most of our electronic gadgets run on are decidedly poisonous. Let us also not forget that the disposal of electronics can create health hazards because of all of the heavy metals that they contain. The one solution to overcome environmental impacts of electronics is recycling of old electronics to the extent possible. Recycling almost eliminates the need for mining that otherwise has to be done to acquire the raw materials needed to manufacture new electronics. Recycling requires less energy than processing the materials that go into electronics from their raw form.

Yet another environmental hazard, more serious than electronics, is coal mining. Coal companies keep opening up a mountain like removing the top off an egg. Coal dust settles like pollen over the surrounding areas. Coal mining creates several billion gallons of coal slurry, which contains extremely high levels of mercury, cadmium, and nickel. Although lauded by mining companies that this is a safer, more efficient way to produce coal, this type of strip mining has evoked strong protests from environmentalists and people who reside near coal mining areas. Coal mining work can be extremely dangerous, as the numerous occupational hazards can cause critical injuries or even death. If you have been injured in a coal mining accident, you have legal rights to claim for damages.

There are other environmental concerns arising out of metal mining operations such as physical disturbances to the landscape, waste rock disposal, development of metal-bearing and acidic soils and waters and not the least public safety.

Australian Mining Companies: Boom Goes the Gold Dynamite

October 27th, 2020

Gold mining has been around since ancient times. Gold is a precious metal widely adorned and highly valued all over the world. In most civilizations gold was, and probably still is, an important part of their respective economies because it was, or still is, used as a form of currency in trading.Gold mining, as well as other industrial mining, has spread across the globe. From Africa to Alaska and India to Australia, the world is filled with riches waiting to be discovered and mined.

Australian mining companies began operations with the goal to improve the economy as well as harvest the gold lying in wait. Australia is blessed with rich gold mines and reserves – 40% of the world’s gold was produced in Australia in the mid 1850’s. Currently, Australian mining companies are expanding to other countries.

Minerals and resources mined by Australian mining companies include iron, nickel, bauxite, aluminum, copper, gold, silver, uranium, diamond, opal, zinc, coal, oil shale, petroleum, natural gas, and rare earths. Australian mining companies allow investment of stocks to those interested in providing financial “assistance” as well, which comes with monetary gain for the investor.

Mining inevitably impacts upon the environment. The Victorian gold rush in Australia resulted in substantial deforestation, consequent erosion and arsenic pollution. Uranium mines also add some controversies to the mining industry, not only because of the environmental impact, but also for its alleged use in nuclear power and nuclear weapons. However, Australian mining companies and the government ensure that no exported uranium will be used in nuclear weapons.

Australian mining companies not only provide high salary pay, but also first-world safety regulations, and are important for mining research – making them technologically advanced in the industry compared to other countries.

Mining contributes to about 5.6% of the Gross Domestic Product of Australia. Mineral exports contribute to about 35% of Australia’s total exports. This makes Australia the worldwide leader in the export of coal, which makes up for about 35% of international trade; second largest in the export of gold and uranium, and third largest in aluminum. It is interesting to note, however, that despite the significance and the importance of the export in the mining sector, less than 2% of the entire labor force is employed. Roughly around 129,000 Australian workers are employed by Australian mining companies. The opportunities provided by Australian mining companies not only improve the economy, but also give life and productivity to a continent.

Florida Phosphate Mines Show Adverse Effects On The Environment

October 15th, 2020

Florida phosphate industry mining practices reveal and how “they” adversely affect environmental aspects of Florida citizens’ surroundings for over two generations and working on three. Current phosphate industry mining practices “overlook” today’s proven environmentally sound practices causing costly unwanted hazardous collateral damage to the Florida landscape as though it is “their” right to do so.

In the past two decades, the Unites States Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) studied the effects of radioactive elements occurring naturally in the Florida landscape compared to the highly compacted toxic waste by-product phosphogypsum stacks in west central FL. The DEP allows for a small level of radioactive emissions up to 0.7 picocuries.

The toxic elements mentioned here are in the decay chain of uranium called “radium” as a solid and “radon gas” as an air born toxin. These elements are normally confined deep below the surface, but the mighty phosphate dragline strips them from the fabric of the earth until it removes the phosphate matrix it seeks. In doing so, radioactive elements are brought to the surface, highly compacted, and stored in giant highly toxic mounds called phosphogypsum stacks.

The radioactive material is combined with other toxic waste by-products and piled in phosphogypsum stacks, some over two hundred feet in height and may cover over four hundred acres. That is the equivalent to a twenty story building covering four hundred acres of radioactive materials. Florida is home to at least twenty seven radioactive phosphogypsum stacks and each toxic stack is still growing. The “stacks” are so toxic, the DEP will not allow the phosphate industry to move the phosphogypsum off site or sell it.

Florida subdivisions in Lakeland, FL built on “reclaimed” phosphate facilities reportedly show a higher than normal “radium” presence in the ground samples taken by the DEP. “Radon” gas was also higher than normal in doors, both reported by the DEP. The DEP states on their website that any contact with radium from soil ingestion or inhaling radon gas in the air around phosphate facilities is “too” much. One can see that living near or working in a phosphate plant can be harmful to one’s health.

The areas around phosphate facilities in central Florida usually consist of cattle ranches and agriculture with some residential areas as well. The surrounding flora absorb (uptake) the toxic elements caused by phosphate mining, through the root system into the leaves from reclaimed mined soils. The plants store cumulative amounts of toxins so the toxic materials move from the ground into the food chain through cattle ranching and agriculture for examples. The amount of toxins found in the flora is soon found in the fauna as well. Domesticated and wild animals are exposed to the same tainted food sources, introducing the toxins into the entire local food chain.

In one decade, at least six phosphogypsum stacks failed in west central Florida. A phosphogypsum stack caused a sinkhole to form in the stack bottom and drained billions of gallons of toxic waste into a two million cubic foot hole caused from a surface collapse. The amount of environmental damage was so extensive that the DEP was unable to determine the total loss associated with the spill.

In another stack failure, a 150 foot hole opened under a “stack” and 80 million tons of radioactive toxic waste disappeared into the Floridan aquifer, which contains (1) about 90 percent of central Florida’s drinking water. The toxic waste amount overwhelmed officials so much that the amount of environmental damage was undetermined. It cost almost 7 million dollars to fill the sinkhole with concrete.

Mining Careers Offer Many Rewarding Opportunities

September 26th, 2020

Have you ever considered the option of making a career in the mining industry? Mining careers can be highly rewarding because the many opportunities they offer. You get to travel to exotic places, work with people from different backgrounds, and enjoy thrilling moments at work besides making significant contribution towards the development of the global economy. However, making a success out of the opportunity to work in the mining industry will depend on your commitment to work towards achieving the right qualifications.

Career Opportunities

Mining industry the world over is booming. Many jobs are being created and employers are more optimistic about the growth of the industry, and the scale of expansion. The need for smart and fresh graduates has soared and there are opportunities at all levels in the mining industry from engineers to technicians, and from miners to geologists, process engineers, nurses and other skilled professionals.

That there is shortage of skilled workers in the mining industry, several mining companies are very keen to bring on board only qualified exploration geologists and mining engineers as these are highly skilled fields and demand a high amount of dedication and focus. Other than that, mining companies are also trying to recruit women for the role of engineers and for the corporate outfits. Women represent a large section of untapped skills and can play a crucial role in bridging the skills wide. That’s why, irrespective of whether you are a man or a woman, mining careers offer a whole new world of opportunities to you and there’s never been a better time to make a go for it, than now!

Qualifications & Qualities

If you want to be a mining engineer, you will need to have a mining engineering degree in this field. However, if you are interested in all sciences, but especially geology, and technology, mining can be a good career choice for you. Despite the image of the mining industry, having good communication and people skills will definitely take you that extra mile, because most engineers are required to manage a small team. Have good observation skills, problem solving aptitude and quick thinking are some of the other qualities that will hold you in good stead.

Work Experience

For those considering mining careers seriously, gaining work experience through internships, summer placements etc can prove to be quite advantages. While completing your internship, you will be able to experience the work environment in this industry more closely, as well as, understand the methods of working and get a feel of the work site, first-hand. You as well as the company will be able to figure out if you are fit to work in the mining industry. Besides such work experience will look good on your CV, as it is indicative of personal commitment and self motivation.

Remember, irrespective of the different types of mining careers available, it is important for you to decide whether you want to work on the management side, the design side, or the field side of this industry. Whatever your choice, the experience will be enriching for sure.

Tow Asteroids for Mining Rare Metals

June 2nd, 2020

There have been many science fiction writers who have discussed the mining of asteroids. One of the most notable is Ben Bova who wrote an entire series called; “Asteroid Wars” and in this series there are mining companies and rouge entrepreneurs vying for asteroids made of gold and other rare metals. In fact it’s just like the Wild West only in outer space. Will it be possible to mine asteroids in the future?

Indeed, I believe so, and it may be advantageous because the manufacturing facilities in zero gravity are good place to build spaceships and other things. One thing we might do is to locate asteroids which have valuable elements on them such as rare metals and park them in Lagrange points where we can do the mining. According to John Baez, a mathematician and expert on Lagrange Points, (his research paper on Lagrange Points) in an online posting of January 21, 2009 he states that in the;

“Earth’s lagrange points L4 and L5 there are dust clouds the size of 4 moons.” His website also speaks of a concept conceived in “1974, a physics professor at Princeton wrote a paper that advocated putting space colonies at one of the Earth’s Lagrange points, namely L5.”

Okay so, it does appear these Lagrange points where gravity is neutral might be a very excellent place for a space colony, manufacturing facility, and an excellent place to mine asteroids. Why not, it all makes perfectly good sense, and it hardly seems science fiction like if all this is possible. Indeed I hope you please consider all this.

Industrial Mining of Used Material – A Forward Thinking Strategy

March 17th, 2020

It seems that the mining industry is always in the news, but it’s not always in the news for the right reasons. In the last couple of years we’ve seen the mining industry become the whipping boy for unions and regulators, along with all their lawyers. We’ve seem coal mining accidents, trapped coalminers, and environmental disasters concerning mining. No, things in the United States have been pretty mellow, but around the world it often seems as if there is a coal mining accident at least every couple of weeks involving many deaths.

And, there have been many issues with the rising cost of metals and Rare Earth Elements or REEs, although lately those high-priced commodities have gotten a little break. Many countries that are less than stellar with the United States on the diplomatic front hold many of the very important minerals and elements that we need for our high-tech industry, and they are literally holding them for ransom. Apparently they’ve learned a lot from the oil cartel OPEC. In Bolivia they have quite a bit of lithium which can be used to make batteries for personal tech toys and hybrid vehicles, and in China 96% of the REEs which are currently being mined.

Maybe the United States needs to start mining some of the electronics that we throw away. All those old computers, laptops, and other devices are being replaced by tablets and smart phones. We should be taking those metals out of those computers, some of which are precious metals and reusing them, and selling off the excess to pay for it all. A mining operation is quite an expensive proposition, and it’s often hard to separate out the elements you need from the compounds and materials that are trapped within.

Philosophically speaking it’s the same problem, you can try to extract the elements from the rocks, or you can take apart a computer and take out the precious metals or Rare Earth Elements that you need. It might serve us well to do this, rather than allowing third world nations and emerging nations to hold us hostage, use extortion tactics, or literally charge us as if ransoming those materials we need to manufacture the next generation of high-tech electronics, smart cars, and personal tech devices. There is a lot of smart recycling going on in the United States today, but it’s not enough.

Americans still throw too many things away that end up in the landfill rather than a destination where they can be made into something else. Indeed, although I am not an environmentalist, I do see the industrial mining of used materials as a forward way of thinking, and the proper strategy taking us into the 21st century. Indeed I hope you will please consider all this and think on it.

Marketing, Promoting and Advertising Your Business

February 28th, 2020

One thing that goes without saying in today’s business world, is that regardless of the nature of your home based business, a website is an absolute MUST. Whether you have a product or service to sell, whether local or global, your business will go nowhere fast if you don’t have an online presence. If you need internet marketing help, you’ve landed on the right article. I’ll give you some home based business marketing ideas that will help you promote your business successfully.

The first step is choosing a domain name and getting it registered. You can build your own website (if you have the time) and host it yourself or you can have everything done by another company (if you have the money). Either way, you have many options and tools at your disposal that can align with your business plan and budget. Also note that you can still start your own home based business even if you don’t have a product or service to sell. There are thousands of individuals and companies that have products you can sell for them while earning a commission, called affiliate marketing.

Of the many business marketing strategies known to man, internet marketing is, hands down, the best strategy to use for promoting a home based business as it is the cheapest method and has the potential for reaching millions of people all over the globe. Driving traffic to your site through online resources is like killing two birds with one stone. You can tackle print advertising by writing articles and publishing them to directories and ezines and by submitting ads to the many available (and most of them free) classified ad sites. Online media advertising encompasses writing press releases and distributing them to press release sites. One of the biggest and most popular online advertising trends today is via social media advertising through sites such as Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn where you build relationships with your customers. Forums and communities are also great ways to build relationships which helps promote your home based business in the long run. Simply Google your market or industry with the word ‘forum’ or ‘community’ behind it and search for one or two that seem to be the best fit for you.

All of these methods of online advertising contribute to search engine optimization (SEO), which is to say improving your online visibility and escalating in the search engines like Google, Yahoo and Bing. Your goal is to claim the #1 spot in the organic search results (the results on the left, not the right side which are paid ads). This is where your traffic will come from. If you are 800 in the list of search results, no one is ever going to see your site because very few people have the time or patience to scroll through 800 search results. Research shows that people typically won’t even scroll past 4 or 5 search results, let alone 800.

Can you grasp the importance of internet marketing for any business? If you are new to the internet marketing phenomenon and don’t know exactly where to start, there are many great programs or systems online that walk you through every aspect of marketing your online business. A lot of these systems were created by online entrepreneurs who have spent thousands of their own dollars trying to figure it all out over the years and finally DID. Their sacrifices have made it easier for newbies to become successful at their own online home based business. If you are new to running your own home based business, I recommend you find a great system (do your research, read reviews, ask questions in forums) and start marketing your home business from there. Don’t waste the time and money that so many of us have in going it alone, without a proven system, as it will just set you back further and hinder your progress.